The effects of sentence repetition–based working memory treatment on sentence comprehension abilities in individuals with aphasia

Bora Eom, Jee Eun Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated whether sentence repetition–based working-memory (SR-WM) treatment increased sentence-repetition abilities and the treatment effects generalized to sentence-comprehension abilities, WM-span tasks, and general language-assessment tasks. Method: Six individuals with aphasia participated in the study. The treatment consisted of 12 sessions of approximately 1 hr per day, 3 times per week. The SR-WM treatment protocol followed components including maintenance and computation of linguistic units by facilitating a chunking strategy. We manipulated the length and syntactic structures of the sentence-repetition stimuli using a limited set of vocabulary. Results: Participants demonstrated significant increased repetition ability in treated and untreated sentences after treatment. Furthermore, they showed generalization effects on the sentence-comprehension task, WM measures, and general language tasks, but with some differential patterns, depending on task demands. Conclusions: The SR-WM treatment approach, by manipulating syntactic structures and minimizing top-down semantic processing, elicited increased performance on sentence repetition as well as other linguistic domains. Results indicated that it is clinically and theoretically important to examine whether WM treatment serves as a potentially underlying treatment approach that facilitates the distributed network associated with language processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S823-S838
JournalAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant to Jee Eun Sung from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014S1A5A8018080).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

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