The effects of auricular acupressure on blood pressure, stress, and sleep in elders with essential hypertension: a randomized single-blind sham-controlled trial

Bomi Kim, Hyojung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Reduction of blood pressure and improvement of stress and sleep disorders in patients with essential hypertension were important factors. This study aimed to examine the effects of auricular acupressure on blood pressure, stress, and sleep quality among elderly with essential hypertension in Korea. Methods and results: This study was a single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. The experimental group (n = 23) received 8 weeks of auricular acupressure intervention on specific acupoints (superior triangular fossa, Shenmen, kidney, heart, and occiput) related to blood pressure, pulse rate, stress, and sleep, whereas the control group (n = 23) received auricular acupressure on non-specific acupoints. The primary outcomes were the systolic and diastolic blood pressure measured weekly. The secondary outcomes were the pulse rate, heart rate variability, actigraphy measured through Fitbit, and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were measured before and after the experiment. There were statistically significant differences between two groups in systolic blood pressure (F = 5.67, P = 0.022), diastolic blood pressure (17.53, P < 0.001), and pulse rate (F = 6.78, P = 0.013) over time. Stress index (χ2 = 2.12, P = 0.040) and sleep efficiency (χ2 = 3.57, P = 0.001) were also significantly different before and after the experiment. However, there was no significant difference in the PSQI. Conclusion: The findings showed that auricular acupressure leads to improvements in blood pressure, stress, and sleep in elderly people with essential hypertension. Therefore, auricular acupressure can be used as an alternative nursing intervention for hypertension prevention, stress, and sleep management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-619
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Auricular acupressure
  • Blood pressure
  • Complementary therapy
  • Essential hypertension
  • Stress

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