Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of laughter therapy on the quality and quantity of sleep in elders with sleep disorders. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study using a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design with 59 participants and included elders with sleep disorders, The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores of five or more points were: 29 in the experiment group and 30 in the control group. The experimental group participated in laughter therapy sixteen times, twice a week for 50 min per session for 8 weeks. Results: The results showed that laughter therapy was effective according to the PSQI (F=86.13, p<.001), total sleep time (F=9.34, p<.001), sleep efficiency (F=45.34, p<.001), sleep onset latency in the experimental group x2=13.77, p=.001, and in the control group x2=11.95, p=.003), number of awakenings (F=31.21, p<.001), light sleep (F=5.09, p=.008), deep sleep (F=15.13, p<.001), and serum melatonin levels (Z=-3.90, p<.001). but rapid eye movement sleep time did not differ significantly between the groups. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that laughter therapy may be an effective nursing intervention to improve quantity and quality of sleep in community-dwelling elderly.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of the Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing|
|State||Published - Aug 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
*This article is based on a part of the first author's doctoral dissertation from Ewha Womans University. *This article was supported by the Korea Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing academic support program fund in 2020.
This article is based on a part of the first author's doctoral dissertation from Ewha Womans University. This article was supported by the Korea Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing academic support program fund in 2020.
© 2021 Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
- Laughter therapy