The diagnostic utility of chest computed tomography scoring for the assessment of amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity

In Sook Kang, Kyung Jin Kim, Yookyung Kim, Seong Hoon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: Amiodarone is one of the most widely used antiarrhythmic agents; however, amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity (APT) can be irreversible and sometimes fatal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of chest computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic tool for APT and to assess the utility of the CT APT score as an index for predicting the severity of APT.

Methods: Patients underwent amiodarone treatment for various reasons, most often atrial fibrillation, for more than 2 years, and those that received a cumulative dose > 100 g were enrolled. A total of 34 patients who underwent chest CT between December 2011 and June 2012 were enrolled, whether or not they had clinical symptoms. The APT CT score was defined as the number of involved regions in the lung, which was divided into 18 regions (right and left, upper, middle, and lower, and central, middle, and peripheral). The CT findings were evaluated according to the total dose and duration of amiodarone treatment and the results of a pulmonary function test. Clinical symptoms and outcomes were also evaluated according to APT CT scores.

Results: Seven patients had positive APT CT scores (interstitial fibrosis in five, organizing pneumonia in one, and mixed interstitial fibrosis and organizing pneumonia in one), and these patients exhibited significantly lower diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide in the lungs compared with patients without an increased APT CT score (70.2% ± 6.9% vs. 89.7% ± 19.4%; p = 0.011). Three of the seven patients experienced overt APT that required hospital admission.

Conclusions: Chest CT is a useful diagnostic tool for APT, and the APT CT score might be a useful index for assessing the severity of APT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-753
Number of pages8
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Amiodarone
  • Computed tomography
  • Cumulative dose
  • Pulmonary toxicity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The diagnostic utility of chest computed tomography scoring for the assessment of amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this