The crystal structure of seabream antiquitin in complex with the cofactor NAD+ was solved at 2.8 Å resolution. The mouth of the substrate-binding pocket is guarded by two conserved residues, Glu120 and Arg300. To test the role of these two residues, we have prepared the two mutants E120A and R300A. Our model and kinetics data suggest that antiquitin's specificity towards the substrate α-aminoadipic semialdehyde is contributed mainly by Glu120 which interacts with the α-amino group of the substrate. On the other hand, Arg300 does not have any specific interaction with the α-carboxylate group of the substrate, but is important in maintaining the active site conformation.
- Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy
- Site-directed mutagenesis
- X-ray crystallography
- α-Aminoadipic semialdehyde