The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Oncicola luehei (Acanthocephala: Archiacanthocephala) and its phylogenetic position within Syndermata

Mohiuddin Gazi, Tahera Sultana, Gi Sik Min, Yung Chul Park, Martín García-Varela, Steven A. Nadler, Joong Ki Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Oncicola luehei (14,281. bp), the first archiacanthocephalan representative and the second complete sequence from the phylum Acanthocephala. The complete genome contains 36 genes including 12 protein coding genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rrnL and rrnS) as reported for other syndermatan species. All genes are encoded on the same strand. The overall nucleotide composition of O. luehei mtDNA is 37.7% T, 29.6% G, 22.5% A, and 10.2% C. The overall A. +. T content (60.2%) is much lower, compared to other syndermatan species reported so far, due to the high frequency (18.3%) of valine encoded by GTN in its protein-coding genes. Results from phylogenetic analyses of amino acid sequences for 10 protein-coding genes from 41 representatives of major metazoan groups including O. luehei supported monophyly of the phylum Acanthocephala and of the clade Syndermata (Acanthocephala. +. Rotifera), and the paraphyly of the clade Eurotatoria (classes Bdelloidea. +. Monogononta from phylum Rotifera). Considering the position of the acanthocephalan species within Syndermata, it is inferred that obligatory parasitism characteristic of acanthocephalans was acquired after the common ancestor of acanthocephalans diverged from its sister group, Bdelloidea. Additional comparison of complete mtDNA sequences from unsampled acanthocephalan lineages, especially classes Polyacanthocephala and Eoacanthocephala, is required to test if mtDNA provides reliable information for the evolutionary relationships and pattern of life history diversification found in the syndermatan groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalParasitology International
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Acanthocephala
  • Archiacanthocephala
  • Mitochondrial genome
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Oncicola luehei
  • Syndermata

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