The antiproliferative activities of the chloroform fraction (CF) of guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) leaf extract were evaluated using several cancer cell lines. Maximum cytotoxicity was observed in SNU-16, a human gastric carcinoma cell line, at concentrations of 50-100 μg/ml. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that CF treatment resulted in a marked accumulation of SNU-16 cells in the sub-G1 phase at concentrations of 100-200 μg/ml. The induction of apoptosis in SNU-16 cells was confirmed by immunoblotting using antibodies against Bcl-2, Bax, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), caspase-8, and caspase-3. The major CF phytochemicals were identified as ferulic acid, genistein, 3′, 4′, 5′ trimethoxy flavone, phlorizin, and oleanolic acid by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photo diode array and electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS). The results suggest that phytochemicals in the CF of guava (P. cattleianum) leaf extract induce apoptosis in SNU-16 cells. These findings may lead to new strategies for treating human gastric cancer.
- High performance liquid chromatography coupled with photo diode array and electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS)
- Human gastric carcinoma cell