The challenges of measuring epistemic beliefs across cultures: evidence from Nigerian teacher candidates

Oluseyi Matthew Odebiyi, Youn Jeng Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Available evidence indicates that teacher candidates undergo shifts in beliefs throughout the process of learning to teach, and various contextual realities contribute to reshaping their general teaching beliefs. The concept of epistemic beliefs is key to understanding teacher development as cross-cultural teacher education becomes increasingly common. This study examines Nigerian teacher candidates’ conceptions about the nature and process of knowing, epistemic beliefs. This exploration of these epistemic beliefs is framed within the United States-based Schommer model. Exploratory factor analysis was employed to examine a sample of 1009 full-time teacher candidates at two large public institutions in southwestern Nigeria. Findings indicate that Nigerian teacher candidates expressed dependently complex, yet distinct epistemic beliefs compared to their U.S. counterparts. The findings are contextualized within the effective deployment of teacher education research across cultures, highlighting sociocultural antecedents to the nature of reality in the measures of teacher candidates’ epistemic beliefs in non-Western contexts. Implications for educational theory, research, and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-236
Number of pages23
JournalTeaching Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Epistemic beliefs
  • Nigeria
  • cross-cultural beliefs
  • pre-service teachers
  • teacher development


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