The inhibitory efficacies of new bile acid acylated-heparin derivative (heparin-DOCA) were evaluated on experimental lung metastasis. We evaluated the effect of heparin-DOCA on intercellular interactions including those between B16F10 and thrombin-activated platelets and TNF-α-activated HUVECs, and between B16F10 and immobilized mouse P-selectin. In addition, the inhibitory effects of heparin-DOCA on adhesion and invasion of B16F10 to Matrigel were studied. In an animal mouse study, the blood clot formation and the retention of red fluorescence protein (RFP)-B16F10 in lungs were assessed after heparin-DOCA and RFP-B16F10 intravenous administration. Furthermore, we investigated the anti-metastatic effect of heparin-DOCA against lung metastasis induced by B16F10 and SCC7. Heparin-DOCA inhibited intercellular interactions between B16F10 and activated platelets or activated HUVECs by blocking P- and E-selectin-mediated interactions. Moreover, it reduced adhesion and invasion of B16F10 to ECM, thereby affecting the reduction of early retention of B16F10 in the lung. Heparin-DOCA attenuated lung colony formation on the surfaces and in interior of the lung, and attenuated metastasis by B16F10 and SCC7. These results suggest that heparin-DOCA may have potentials as therapeutic agent that prevents tumor metastasis and progression.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jun 2007|
- B16F10 melanoma
- Bile acid acylated-heparin derivative
- Lung metastasis