The associations between patterns of precarious employment and workers’ health

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Although the prevalence of precarious employment has been on the rise due to structural changes in the global labor market, there is still lack of a clear understanding of whether precarious employment is a social determinant of health. Data from the 2006–2010–2014 General Social Survey (N = 5,411) were used to examine the relationships between patterns of precarious employment and perceived health among U.S. workers. Based on a multidimensional construct of precarious employment, latent class analysis identified four differential patterns of precarious employment experienced by workers: (1) the most precarious group, (2) low precarious with middle income group, (3) low precarious with high income group, and (4) mixed precarious group. I then conducted a multinomial logistic regression and found that socio-demographic characteristics, such as gender, race/ethnicity, and education, were significantly associated with precarious employment class membership. Finally, a logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant differences in perceived health status across precarious employment classes, controlling for individual background characteristics. Study findings highlight the heterogeneity and various patterns of precarious employment experiences and indicate a need for the use of a multidimensional construct of employment precariousness in determining its health impact on the working population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-212
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Science Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Western Social Science Association.


  • Analysis
  • General social survey
  • Latent class
  • Precarious employment
  • Self-rated health


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