The association of different target temperatures in targeted temperature management with neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest based on a prospective multicenter observational study in Korea (the KORHN-PRO registry): IPTW analysis

the Korean Hypothermia Network Investigator

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Among comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), targeted temperature management (TTM) has improved neurological outcomes. However, although the target temperature shifted from 33̊C to 33̊C~36̊C, the optimal target temperature is still unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate neurological outcomes at 6 months at target temperatures of 33̊C and 36̊C. Materials and methods We analyzed OHCA survivors who underwent TTM and were recorded in the Korean Hypothermia Network, a prospective multicenter registry, from October 2015 to December 2018. The primary outcome was good neurological outcome at six months, defined as a cerebral performance category of 1-2, and the secondary outcome was survival at 6 months. Results A total of 1339 patients were treated with TTM in twenty-two emergency departments. Of those, 1054 were treated at 33̊C, and 285 were treated at 36̊C. There was no significant difference in good neurological outcomes at 6 months (30.6% vs. 31.2%, p = 0.850, adjusted OR 0.97, 95% CI = 0.73-1.29]) and survival at six months (41.4% vs. 38.7%, p = 0.401, adjusted HR 1.08, 95% CI = 0.91-1.28]) between TTM 33̊C and TTM 36̊C. After propensity score matching, good neurological outcomes at 6 months (OR 0.93, 95% CI = 0.74-1.18) and survival at 6 months (HR 1.05, 95% CI = 0.92-1.21) were still not associated with TTM 33̊C and TTM 36̊C. Conclusion In this study, patients treated with a target temperature of 33̊C had similar good neurological outcomes and survival at six months compared with those treated with a target temperature of 36̊C.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0271605
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume17
Issue number7 July
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

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