Background: It has been reported that stable isotope ratios can be used as biomarkers for animal protein intake. Meat consumption and high protein intake could be risk factors for metabolic disorders. We investigated whether the stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen are associated with metabolic syndrome. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 399 subjects (233 men and 166 women). Hair samples from 399 subjects were measured for stable isotope ratios of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N). Results: The δ15N values progressively increased with the number of components of the metabolic syndrome present in study subjects (P for trend 0.047). In multivariable models, δ15N values were positively associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-2.14), whereas δ13C values were not (odds ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-1.30). The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for metabolic syndrome comparing the highest to the lowest quartiles of δ15N values was 2.64 (1.17-5.92). Conclusions: The nitrogen, but not carbon, stable isotopic ratio of hair is independently associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. The hair δ15N value might be a surrogate marker for clustering of risk factors in metabolic syndrome.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ) grant funded by the Korean Government (MOE) ( 2011-0012632 ). This research was supported by grants from the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( 2011-E71002-00, 2012-E71007-00 ).
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
- Metabolic syndrome
- Stable isotope ratio