Molecular spins are emerging platforms for quantum information processing. By chemically tuning their molecular structure, it is possible to prepare a robust environment for electron spins and drive the assembly of a large number of qubits in atomically precise spin-architectures. The main challenges in the integration of molecular qubits into solid-state devices are (i) minimizing the interaction with the supporting substrate to suppress quantum decoherence and (ii) controlling the spatial distribution of the spins at the nanometer scale to tailor the coupling among qubits. Herein, we provide a nanofabrication method for the realization of a 2D patterned array of individually addressable Vanadyl Phthalocyanine (VOPc) spin qubits. The molecular nanoarchitecture is crafted on top of a diamagnetic monolayer of Titanyl Phthalocyanine (TiOPc) that electronically decouples the electronic spin of VOPc from the underlying Ag(100) substrate. The isostructural TiOPc interlayer also serves as a template to regulate the spacing between VOPc spin qubits on a scale of a few nanometers, as demonstrated using scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray circular dichroism, and density functional theory. The long-range molecular ordering is due to a combination of charge transfer from the metallic substrate and strain in the TiOPc interlayer, which is attained without altering the pristine VOPc spin characteristics. Our results pave a viable route towards the future integration of molecular spin qubits into solid-state devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Institute for Basic Science, Korea (Grant No. IBS-R027-D1). K. N., C. W., and Y. B. acknowledge support from Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (Grant No. FA2386-20-1-4052).
© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.