Targeting cellular antioxidant enzymes for treating atherosclerotic vascular disease

Dong Hoon Kang, Sang Won Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atherosclerotic vascular dysfunction is a chronic inflammatory process that spreads from the fatty streak and foam cells through lesion progression. Therefore, its early diagnosis and prevention is unfeasible. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic vascular disease. Intracellular redox status is tightly regulated by oxidant and antioxidant systems. Imbalance in these systems causes oxidative or reductive stress which triggers cellular damage or aberrant signaling, and leads to dysregulation. Paradoxically, large clinical trials have shown that non-specific ROS scavenging by antioxidant vitamins is ineffective or sometimes harmful. ROS production can be locally regulated by cellular antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutases, catalase, glutathione peroxidases and peroxiredoxins. Therapeutic approach targeting these antioxidant enzymes might prove beneficial for prevention of ROS-related atherosclerotic vascular disease. Conversely, the development of specific antioxidant enzyme-mimetics could contribute to the clinical effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalBiomolecules and Therapeutics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Antioxidant therapeutics
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Vascular disease

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Targeting cellular antioxidant enzymes for treating atherosclerotic vascular disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this