Synthesis, performance, and mechanisms of strontium ferrite-incorporated zeolite imidazole framework (ZIF-8) for the simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and tetracycline

Gyuri Kim, Yeonji Yea, Lewis Kamande Njaramba, Yeomin Yoon, Sewoon Kim, Chang Min Park

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In this study, strontium ferrite (SF)-incorporated zeolite imidazole framework (ZIF-8) (SFZIF-8) that can simultaneously uptake Pb(II) and tetracycline (TC) in solution was synthesized and characterized. The physicochemical properties of the as-prepared SFZIF-8 were characterized by various functional groups, higher average pore diameter (3.414 nm), and stronger negative charge (−30.5 mV). Adsorption kinetics, isotherms, effect of various water conditions including solution pH and temperature, and reusability were studied to evaluate its adsorption performance. The adsorption capacity of SFZIF-8 was compared with that of commonly used adsorbents (powder and granular activated carbon). SFZIF-8 showed much higher adsorption performance (429.6 mg/g and 433.4 mg/g for Pb(II) and TC, respectively) than powder activated carbon (129.9 mg/g and 142.0 mg/g for Pb(II) and TC, respectively) and granular activated carbon (249.3 mg/g and 263.0 mg/g for Pb(II) and TC, respectively) in Pb(II) and TC binary solutions. The SFZIF-8 adsorption behaviors for the removal of Pb(II) and TC were explained by the pseudo-first-order and Langmuir models from the adsorption kinetics and isotherm experiments, respectively. The regenerated SFZIF-8 exhibited a competitive performance even after the third cycle. These results indicate that Pb(II) and TC can be removed with SFZIF-8 via electrostatic attraction, surface complexation, hydrogen bonding, and π–π interactions. Therefore, by exhibiting effective and efficient adsorption performance, SFZIF-8 nanocomposites can be utilized as alternative and promising adsorbents for the simultaneous removal of both Pb(II) and TC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113419
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2018R1A6A1A03024962 ), the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2021R1A2C2003734 ), and the Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through Subsurface Environment Management (SEM) Projects , funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) ( 2020002480008 ). The authors would also like to thank the Korea Basic Science Institute (Daegu) for HR-TEM measurements.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.


  • Adsorption
  • Lead
  • Strontium ferrite
  • Tetracycline
  • Zeolite imidazole framework


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