We report the synthesis of highly crystalline single-phase CoNb2O6 nanofibers using an electrospinning method. Columbite niobate compounds (ANb2O6, A = Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Sn2+, and Co2+) are promising ceramic materials for many potential applications such as microwave devices and photocatalysts operating at room temperature. The fundamental characteristics including structural and electronic properties at room temperature, however, are not extensively studied at the moment. By combining the basic characterization utilizing electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and the first principles approach, we reveal the fundamental correlation between the lattice structure and the electronic structure of CoNb2O6. Our approach can readily be extended to studying other families of niobate ceramics made on the nanoscale for room-temperature applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program (NRF-2018R1A6A1A03025340, NRF-2022R1A2C1010497, and NRF-2021R1F1A1053270) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF). S.B. was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows (No. 202115353). The authors thank the Research Center for Computational Science at ISSP and Information Technology Center at the University of Tokyo for generous computing resources.
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