Synthesis and assembly of two-dimensional heterostructured architectures

Paraskevi Flouda, Jinyoung Choi, Madeline L. Buxton, Dhriti Nepal, Zhiqun Lin, Timothy J. Bunning, Vladimir V. Tsukruk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Stacking atomically thin two-dimensional nanosheet materials leads to unique synergy in their inherent properties due to an intimate combination and matching that is not possible via separate individual components and phases. However, traditional synthesis and assembly methods result in poor architectural control, diffuse interfaces and restricted surface chemistry, thereby limiting their prospective potentials. This brief overview provides condensed consideration of different synthesis and assembly methods for the fabrication of diverse novel heterostructures from individual nanosheets and challenges of existing methods. Finally, future perspectives regarding crafting of well-defined heterostructures with highly controllable architectures and interfacial/surface chemistry and advanced characterization methods are highlighted. Graphical abstract: The combination of in-situ growth synthesis with precise compositional and interfacial chemistry control, and in-depth characterization enables the understanding and new developments of two-dimensional heterostructured architectures with programmed organization and enhanced properties for a variety of critical materials applications. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-684
Number of pages11
JournalMRS Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Materials Research Society.


  • 2D materials
  • Atomic probe microscopy
  • Chemical synthesis
  • Heterogeneous heterostructure
  • Nanostructure
  • Self-assembly of heterostructures


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