Synthesis and anti-HIV-1 activity of 1,5-dialkyl-6-(arylselenenyl)uracils and -2-thiouracils

Dae Kee Kim, Hun Taek Kim, Jinsoo Lim, Jongsik Gam, Young Woo Kim, Key H. Kim, Young Oh Shin

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9 Scopus citations


The 1,5-dialkyl-6-(arylselenenyl)uracils 10a-h and -2-thiouracils 10i-p have been synthesized as potential anti-HIV-1 agents. Cyclization of N-alkyl-N'-[3,3-di(methylthio)-2-alkylacryloyl]ureas 6a-d and -thioureas 6e-h in acetic acid either containing a catalytic amount of methanesulfonic acid at 80° or containing 1 equivalent of methanesulfonic acid at room temperature afforded 1,5-dialkyl-6-(methylthio)uracils 7a-d in 84-96% yields and 1,5-dialkyl-5,6-dihydro-6,6-di(methylthio)-2-thiouracils 11a-d in 88-99% yields, respectively. Oxidation of 7a-d and 11a-d with either 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid in benzene or aqueous sodium periodate solution in methanol gave 1,5-dialkyl-6-(methylsulfonyl)uracils 8a-d in 88-98% yields and 1,5-dialkyl-6-(methylsulfinyl)-2-thiouracils 12a-d in 57-73% yields, respectively, which were subsequently treated with arylselenol 9a-b in ethanolic sodium hydroxide solution to afford 10a-p in 60-99% yields. Of these compounds, 6-[(3,5-dimethylphenyl)selenenyl]-5-isopropyl-1-(3-phenylpropyl)uracil (10h) inhibited HIV-1 replication in MT-4 cells at a 50% effective concentration (EC50) of 0.0006 μM with a selective index of 44833, which is 7.7-fold more potent than AZT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-894
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996


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