Although phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) regulates syndecan-4 function, the potential influence of syndecan-4 on PIP2 remains unknown. GFP containing PIP2-binding-PH domain of phospholipase Cδ (GFP-PHδ) was used to monitor PIP2. Syndecan-4 overexpression in COS-7 cells enhanced membrane translocation of GFP-PHδ, while the opposite was observed when syndecan-4 was knocked-down. PIP2 levels were higher in total phospholipids extracted from rat embryo fibroblasts expressing syndecan-4. Syndecan-4-induced membrane targeting of GFP-PHδ was further enhanced by phosphoinositide-3-kinase inhibitor, but not by phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor. Besides, both ionomycin and epidermal growth factor caused dissociation of GFP-PHδ from plasma membrane, an effect that was significantly delayed by syndecan-4 over-expression. Collectively, these data suggest that syndecan-4 promotes plasma membrane retention of PIP2 by negatively regulating PLC-dependent PIP2 degradation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2009-0071381 to ESO) and in part by Grant No. R15-2006-020 from the NCRC program of the MEST and the KOSEF through the Center for Cell Signaling and Drug Discovery Research at Ewha Womans University.
- Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate
- Signal transduction