Syndecan-2, a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is known to serve as an adhesion receptor, but details of the regulatory mechanism governing syndecan-2 cell adhesion and migration remain unclear. Here, we examined this regulatory mechanism, showing that overexpression of syndecan-2 enhanced collagen adhesion, cell migration and invasion of normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (RIE1), and increased integrin α2 expression levels. Interestingly, RIE1 cells transfected with either syndecan-2 or integrin α2 showed similar adhesion and migration patterns, and a function-blocking anti-integrin α2 antibody abolished syndecan-2-mediated adhesion and migration. Consistent with these findings, transfection of integrin α2 siRNA diminished syndecan-2-induced cell migration in HCT116 human colon cancer cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate a novel cooperation between syndecan-2 and integrin α2β1 in adhesion-mediated cell migration and invasion. This interactive dynamic might be a possible mechanism underlying the tumorigenic activities of colon cancer cells.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 26 Jun 2009|
- Colon cancer cell
- Integrin α2