The measurement of nitric oxide in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells is used as a model for evaluating the anti-inflammatory or chemopreventive potential of substances. Thienodolin, isolated from a Streptomyces sp. derived from Chilean marine sediment, inhibited nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells (IC50 = 17.2 ± 1.2 ± μM). At both the mRNA and protein levels, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was suppressed in a dose-dependent manner. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), one major upstream signaling pathway involved in the transcription of iNOS, were not affected by treatment of thienodolin. However, the compound blocked the degradation of IκBα resulting in inhibition of NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation, and inhibited the phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 (STAT1) at Tyr701. This study supports further exploration of thienodolin as a potential therapeutic agent with a unique mechanistic activity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Natural Product Communications|
|State||Published - Jun 2012|
- Cancer prevention
- Inducible nitric oxide synthase
- Nitric oxide