Superior and middle thyroid arteries arising from the common carotid artery

Hyung Sun Won, Seung Ho Han, Chang Seok Oh, In Hyuk Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We report a rare case of a left middle thyroid artery in a 71-year-old male cadaver. The middle thyroid artery arose from the anterior surface of the left common carotid artery. This artery ran anteroinferiorly and then bifurcated as it entered the lower lateral part of the left thyroid lobe. Both the right and left superior thyroid arteries arose from the common carotid arteries below the carotid bifurcation. The presence of a middle thyroid artery may cause unexpected bleeding during thyroid or neck surgery, and this rare variation needs to be kept in mind during the surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-647
Number of pages3
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Common carotid artery
  • Inferior thyroid artery
  • Middle thyroid artery
  • Superior thyroid artery


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