Super-atom molecular orbital excited states of fullerenes

J. Olof Johansson, Elvira Bohl, Eleanor E.B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Super-atom molecular orbitals are orbitals that form diffuse hydrogenic excited electronic states of fullerenes with their electron density centred at the centre of the hollow carbon cage and a significant electron density inside the cage. This is a consequence of the high symmetry and hollow structure of the molecules and distinguishes them from typical low-lying molecular Rydberg states. This review summarizes the current experimental and theoretical studies related to these exotic excited electronic states with emphasis on femtosecond photoelectron spectroscopy experiments on gas-phase fullerenes. This article is part of the themed issue Fullerenes: past, present and future, celebrating the 30th anniversary of Buckminster Fullerene.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20150322
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2076
StatePublished - 13 Sep 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.


  • Fullerene
  • Photoelectron angular distributions
  • Super-atom molecular orbitals


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