In this study, sulfur-doped graphene (S-graphene) was synthesized by thermal treatment of exfoliated graphene under CS2 gas flow. Its electrocatalytic activity as a metal-free catalyst was evaluated and compared with other doped-graphenes and commercial platinum nanoparticles loaded on carbon black (Pt/C) catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cell cathodes. The resultant S-graphene was shown to act as a viable catalyst for ORR and its limiting current density and durability were improved compared to those of the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The current density at -1.0 V for the commercial Pt/C catalyst, pristine graphene, nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) and S-graphene was 4.7, 0.15, 6.26 and 6.99 mA cm-2, respectively. The durability of S-graphene (70.3%) was much better compared to commercial Pt/C (37.2%) and N-graphene (67.9%). When S-graphene was used as a supporting material for Pt nanoparticles, its catalytic performance was significantly higher than other Pt catalysts supported on different doped graphenes. Here, we demonstrate that S-graphene can be used as a novel graphene-based efficient metal-free ORR catalyst in fuel cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 7 Jan 2014|