Subtypes of Bullying and Types of Substance Use among Urban African American Adolescents: Who Is Likely to Use What?

Jun Sung Hong, Miao Wang, Dong Ha Kim, Cortney R. VanHook, Trenette T. Clark Goings, Dexter R. Voisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined the types of drugs likely to be used by bullies, victims, and bully/victims. Participants comprise African American adolescents from three high schools, one youth church group, two community youth programs, and four public venues in low-income communities in Chicago’s Southside. A series of logistic regression analyses and latent class analyses were employed. Victims are likely to use alcohol, marijuana, and lean/krokodil. Bullies were likely to use alcohol and marijuana. Bully/victims were not at risk of any of the substances. Our LCA findings revealed a lower occurrence of substance use among victims although 30% used alcohol and marijuana; more than half of bullies showed high levels of alcohol, marijuana, and lean/krokodil use; a diverse pattern of drug use was shown among bully/victims although their lean/krokodil and crack/cocaine use was higher than other subgroups of bullying. The drugs of choice for African American bullies, victims, or bully/victims are variable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-498
Number of pages15
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African American
  • bullying
  • urban
  • victimization
  • violence

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