Substrate-specific gene expression profiles in different kidney cell types are associated with Fabry disease

Youn Jeong Shin, Yeo Jin Jeon, Namhee Jung, Joo Won Park, Hae Young Park, Sung Chul Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) lysosomal enzyme, which results in globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) storage in vascular endothelial cells and different cell types throughout the body. Involvement of the kidney and heart is life threatening, and fibrosis of these organs is considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of Fabry disease. An increased concentration of deacylated Gb3 (lyso.-Gb3) in the plasma of symptomatic patients has also been suggested as a causative molecular event. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in renal fibrosis in Fabry disease, the present analyzed the changes in global gene expression prior to and following Gb3 or lyso.-Gb3 treatment in two types of kidney cell lines, human proximal renal tubular epithelial (HK.-2) and mouse renal glomerular mesangial (SV40 MES 13) cells. Gb3 and lyso.-Gb3 treatment regulated the expression of 199 and 328 genes in each cell type, demonstrating a >2.0.-fold change. The majority of the biological functions of the regulated genes were associated with fibrogenesis or epithelial.-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The gene expression patterns of sphingolipid.-treated HK.-2 cells were distinguishable from the patterns in the SV40 MES 13 cells. Several genes associated with the EMT were selected and evaluated further in kidney cells and in Fabry mouse kidney tissues. In the SV40 MES 13 cells, the DLL1, F8, and HOXA11 genes were downregulated, and FOXP2 was upregulated by treatment with Gb3 or lyso.-Gb3. In the HK.-2 cells, the ADAMTS6, BEST1, IL4, and MYH11 genes were upregulated. Upregulation of the FOXP2, COL15A1, IL4, and MYH11 genes was also observed in the Fabry mouse kidney tissues. The gene expression profiles in kidney cells following the addition of Gb3 or lyso.-Gb3 revealed substrate.specific and cell.specific patterns. These findings suggested that Gb3 and lyso.Gb3 lead to renal fibrosis in Fabry disease through different biochemical modulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5049-5057
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Medicine Reports
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Epithelial cell
  • Fabry disease
  • Gene expression profile
  • Globotriaosylceramide
  • Globotriaosylsphingosine
  • Kidney
  • Mesangial cell

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