Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) is widely used in diverse Asian cuisines, especially in stir-fried and deep-fried foods. This study investigated the effects of different temperatures (140, 165, and 190◦C) and types of the vegetable frying oil (soybean, corn, canola, and palm oils) on the formation of volatile profiles and hazardous compounds [polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and acrylamide] in Welsh onion. Specific volatile chemical groups such as aldehydes, sulfur-containing compounds, and furans/furanones were major volatiles in Welsh onion fried (WOF). The composition of aldehydes and sulfur-containing compounds decreased, while those of furans/furanones increased when WOF samples were exposed to higher temperatures. At 190◦C, PAHs were detected at lower than the EU maximum tolerable limit (the sum of 4 PAHs, <10 µg/kg), and acrylamide was detected below 36.46 µg/kg. The integrated study of both the quality and safety properties can provide fundamental data for the industrial processing of WOF.
|State||Published - 1 May 2022|
- Welsh onion
- frying oil temperature
- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
- vegetable oil
- volatile compounds