Taking the slanted satellite viewing geometry into account is important in the simulation of satellite radiances, which vary with the atmospheric conditions along the line of sight. As a first step to take the slanted satellite viewing geometry into account in the numerical weather prediction system operated in the Korean Meteorological Administration, the slant-path modeling is applied for the simulation of clear-sky thermal radiances of a geostationary satellite imager, the Advanced Meteorological Imager (AMI) on board the Geo-KOMPSAT-2A (GK2A). The observations minus simulations (O 2 B) and the Jacobians before and after the slant-path calculation are compared. Since most infrared channels of AMI are not sensitive to the atmosphere above the tropopause, the size of slant-path effect for AMI is overall smaller than the effect shown in the microwave sounders. Still, the slant-path modeling is found to have a noticeable effect on the three water vapor absorption channels of AMI peaking between 300 and 600 hPa, particularly at large satellite zenith angles and on the regions with high water vapor variabilities in the model field along the line of sight. On average, the slant-path interpolation reduces the standard deviation of O 2 B of the water vapor channels by around 2.0% on land and 1.4% over the ocean for zenith angles 408-608, and it also influences not only the shape and magnitude but also the height of the peak of the Jacobians. In addition, the retrieval experiment based on the optimal estimation also demonstrates the impact of this new approach in the retrieved moisture field, though the improvement is not as significant as shown in the simulation experiment.
- Radiative transfer
- Remote sensing