Structural behaviors of deep RC beams under combined axial and bending force

H. S. Kim, M. S. Lee, Y. S. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper presents experimental studies of deep reinforced concrete (RC) beam behaviors under combined axial and bending loads. In order to investigate the effect of axial loads on the structural behaviors of the deep RC beams, specimens are prepared to have different shear span-to-depth ratios and subjected to axial loads of 235kN or 470kN. From the experiments, structural behaviors such as failure modes, load-deflection relationships, and strains of steel bar and concrete are observed. As results, for the deep beam with shear span-to-depth ratio of 0.5, load at the beam failure decreases as applied axial load increases, while the deep beams with shear span-to-depth ratios of 1.0 and 1.5 show that the applied axial load delays the beam failure. In addition, failure mode of the deep beam changes from shear failure to concrete crushing due to compressive stress at the top corners of RC beams as shear span-to-depth ratio decreases. From the experiments, it is important to notice that deep beam with relatively small span-to-depth ratio under axial load shows early failure due to concrete crushing, which cannot be directly applied to widely known design method for deep beam, strut-to-tie model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2218
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Engineering
StatePublished - 2011
Event12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12 - Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 26 Jan 201128 Jan 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported by a grant (07 Urban Renaissance B03) from High-Tech Urban Development Program funded by the Ministry of land, transport and maritime affairs.


  • Axial load
  • Deep RC beam
  • Deep beam design
  • Failure mode


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