Structural basis for the β-lactamase activity of EstU1, a family VIII carboxylesterase

Sun Shin Cha, Young Jun An, Chang Sook Jeong, Min Kyu Kim, Jeong Ho Jeon, Chang Muk Lee, Hyun Sook Lee, Sung Gyun Kang, Jung Hyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

EstU1 is a unique family VIII carboxylesterase that displays hydrolytic activity toward the amide bond of clinically used β-lactam antibiotics as well as the ester bond of p-nitrophenyl esters. EstU1 assumes a β-lactamase-like modular architecture and contains the residues Ser100, Lys103, and Tyr218, which correspond to the three catalytic residues (Ser64, Lys67, and Tyr150, respectively) of class C β-lactamases. The structure of the EstU1/cephalothin complex demonstrates that the active site of EstU1 is not ideally tailored to perform an efficient deacylation reaction during the hydrolysis of β-lactam antibiotics. This result explains the weak β-lactamase activity of EstU1 compared with class C β-lactamases. Finally, structural and sequential comparison of EstU1 with other family VIII carboxylesterases elucidates an operative molecular strategy used by family VIII carboxylesterases to extend their substrate spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2045-2051
Number of pages7
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Volume81
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • β-lactamase activity
  • Crystal structure of EstU1
  • Crystal structure of the EstU1/cephalothin complex
  • EstU1
  • Family VIII carboxylesterases

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