Stress and coping strategies in runaway youths: An application of concept mapping

Jongserl Chun, David W. Springer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The number of runaway adolescents has continued to increase in recent years. Despite the growth and pervasive problems of high levels of stress and low levels of positive coping strategies to deal with this stress, scant research has been devoted to stress and coping among this population. This study is the first of its kind to explore stressors and coping strategies of runaway youths. Participants were male and female runaway adolescents (N = 53) living in a runaway shelter in Austin, Texas. Concept mapping, a mixed-method approach, was used to collect, organize, and interpret qualitative data through quantitative techniques. Concept mapping revealed six major clusters of stressors: disrespect, living stability, anxiety, school, friends, and family. Five major coping strategies emerged as well: relaxation, social support, going out, hobbies/interests, and escaping. The conceptual framework can be utilized in planning and developing crisis assessment and interventions with runaway youths experiencing high levels of stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-74
Number of pages18
JournalBrief Treatment and Crisis Intervention
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Concept mapping
  • Coping
  • Runaway youth
  • Stress

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