Stateness and Democracy: Evidence from East Asia and Cross-Regional Comparisons

Aurel Croissant, Olli Hellmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The concluding chapter summarizes and synthesizes findings across the different country. This exercise reveals two key points regarding the state-democray nexus. First, stateness is neither a sufficient nor a necessary condition for democratic consolidation. Not only can newly democratising regimes be subject to path-dependent effects but intervening variables – in particular, the organization of particularistic networks - also play a role. Second, democracy will only have a strengthening effect on stateness if all partial regimes are sufficiently consolidated. That is to say, defective democracies do not produce strong incentives for political elites to invest in state-building. These findings are placed in a comparative perspective with ‘third-wave’ democracies in other parts of the world, which shows that our causal mechanisms travel beyond East Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStateness and Democracy in East Asia
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781108862783
ISBN (Print)9781108495745
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2020.


  • Africa
  • autocracy
  • citizen agreement
  • democracy
  • East Asia
  • Latin America
  • particularistic networks
  • path-dependency
  • state capacity
  • stateness


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