Stacked Autoencoder-based Probabilistic Feature Extraction for On-Device Network Intrusion Detection

Thi Nga Dao, Hyung June Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Due to the outbreak of recent network attacks, it is necessary to develop a robust network intrusion detection system (NIDS) that can quickly and effectively identify the network attack. Although the state-of-the-art detection algorithms have shown quite promising detection performance, they suffer from computationally intensive operations and large memory footprint, making themselves infeasible to applications at the resourceconstrained edge devices. We propose a lightweight yet effective NIDS scheme that incorporates a stacked autoencoder with a network pruning technique. By removing a set of ineffective neurons across layers in the autoencoder network with a certain probability based on their importance, a considerably large portion of relatively nominal training parameters are reduced. Then, the pruned and pre-trained encoder network is used as-is and is connected with a separate classifier network for attack type inference, avoiding a full retraining from scratch. Experimental results indicate that our stacked autoencoder-based classification network with probabilistic feature extraction has outperformed the state-of-the-art NIDSs in terms of attack detection rate. Further, we have shown that our lightweight NIDS scheme has significantly reduced the computational complexity throughout the architecture, making it feasible to the edge, while maintaining a similar attack type detection quality compared with its original fully-connected neural network.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Anomaly Classification
  • Computational modeling
  • Feature extraction
  • Feature Extraction.
  • Image edge detection
  • Internet of Things
  • Network intrusion detection
  • Network Intrusion Detection System
  • Neurons
  • On-Device AI
  • Probabilistic logic


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