Methyl ammonium methyl carbamate (MAC), formulated as CH3NH3+CH3NHCO2-, was synthesized by reacting liquid methylamine with supercritical CO2, and its structure was refined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. MAC is a white crystalline salt and is as reactive as methylamine, and is a very efficient alternative to toxic methylamine. We were able to produce hybrid perovskite MAPbI3 (MA = methyl ammonium) by grinding MAC with PbI2 and I2 at room temperature, followed by storing the mixed powder. Moreover, this one-pot method is easily scalable for the large-scale synthesis of MAPbI3 in a small vessel. We have also investigated the reactivity of MAC towards aromatic aldehydes in the absence of solvent. The solventless reactions afforded imines as exclusive products with over 97% yield, which show higher selectivity than the methylamine-based synthesis. Complete conversions were typically accomplished within 3 h at 25 °C. The results of this study emphasize the importance of solid carbamates such as MAC to develop an environmentally friendly process for the synthesis of various amine-based materials on the industrial scale.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) through the grant numbers (NRF-2016K1A4A3914691, NRF-2019R1A2C1003666). We thank professor Wan In Lee for providing the TiO2/FTO substrate.
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.