Src tyrosine kinases mediate crystalline silica-induced NF-κB activation through tyrosine phosphorylation of IκB-α and p65 NF-κB in rAW 264.7 macrophages

Jihee Lee Kang, Hae J. Jung, Kyungeun Lee, Hyung R. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the signaling pathways induced by silica. In the present study, we investigated whether Src family TKs play a role in crystalline silica-induced NF-κB activation and whether NF-κB activation requires Src TK-dependent MAPK activity in RAW 264.7 cells, a mouse peritoneal macrophage cell line. Selective Src TK inhibitors, damnacanthal or PP1, inhibited silica-induced NF-κB activation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, these kinase inhibitors suppressed silica-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of IκB-α and p65 NF-κB. Within a similar time frame, c-Src and Lck were physically associated with IκB-α and with p65 NF-κB. Silica stimulated the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), but not p38 MAPK and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase 1 and 2 (JNK1/2). Damnacanthal or PP1 substantially blocked the silica-induced activation of ERK1/2. Moreover, PD98059, an inhibitor of ERK1/2, or SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, failed to inhibit silica-induced NF-κB activation. These results suggest that c-Src and Lck act for silica-induced NF-κB activation by mediating the tyrosine phosphorylations of IκB-α and p65 NF-κB. However, the Src TK-dependent activation of ERK1/2 may not be involved in the silica signaling pathway leading to NF-κB activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-477
Number of pages8
JournalToxicological Sciences
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Crystalline silica
  • Mitogen activated protein kinases
  • NF-κB
  • RAW 264.7 macrophages
  • Src tyrosine kinases

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