Sporicidal activities and mechanism of surfactant components against Clostridium sporogenes spores

W. I. Cho, M. S. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sporicidal activities of seven kinds of antimicrobial agent were investigated in order to screen for novel inactivation agents to apply to Clostridium sporogenes spores. Antimicrobial agents based on surfactant components, as poly-l-lysine, thiamine dilaurylsulfate, and torilin, were more effective than other agents. The degree of spore reduction with 1–2% surfactant components was 1.5–2.5 log CFU/mL. The HLB value (hydrophile-lipophile balance) related to denature protein of spores coat on surfactants with sporicidal activity was ranged from 6 to 16. Average HLB value and spore killing effect was inversely correlated. The proteins on spore structures seemed to be disorganized due to binding between polar groups of coats and hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups of surfactant components, resulting in killing of spores. The components that were effective to inactivate C. sporogenes spores had a chemical structure containing CH3, OH, COOH, sulfate groups, and a double bond. Furthermore, hydrophobic surfactants were more effective than hydrophilic surfactants in inactivating spores. This was likely due to the type of hydrophobic surfactant and to the involvement of hydrophobic interactions on coat of spores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4675-4680
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Food Science and Technology
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Clostridium sporogenes spores
  • HLB value
  • Hydrophilic
  • Hydrophobic
  • Surfactant components

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