We have fabricated microdisk lasers of colloidal quantum dots in circular and elliptical forms with different aspect ratios. By characterizing the laser emission spectrum under optical pumping and through mode simulation calculations, we demonstrate that the elliptical resonators can display two sets of whispering-gallery modes that interact to varying degrees depending on the aspect ratio. This causes significant mode splitting in the emission spectra when the mode interaction is at maximum. We also performed angular-dependent laser emission measurements for characterizing the emission pattern of the microlasers. We found that the emission pattern becomes less isotropic and more directional as the boundary deviates further from circular symmetry. In addition, we demonstrate that the emission directional properties of these microlasers can be further tailored by coupling pairs of elliptical microcavities together in different manners, where the long or short elliptical axis interacts most strongly.
- quantum dots