Enhancing soil permeability is of huge practical significance for the in-situ chemical oxidation in soil and groundwater remediation. Hence, we conducted pilot-scale (2 m3 of soil) pneumatic fracturing (PF) and pneumatic fracturing-vacuum extraction (PFV) experiments for improving the fluid infiltration rate in low permeable soil zone in this study. Moreover, the correlation interpretation for soil permeability enhancement suffers from limited databases and complexities (i.e., geological properties) due to many factors that affect the fluid injection performance toward low permeability soil. Further, this is the first paper to introduce a novel approach using a soft computational model, a feedforward backpropagation artificial neural network (FFBP-ANN), to predict the infiltration coefficient for PF or PFV treated soils. As a result, the PV and PFV methods significantly enhanced the infiltration coefficients. Notably, the established FFBP-ANN model with the configuration of eight neurons associated with one hidden layer connected by tangent sigmoid transfer function and trained by Levenberg-Marquart backpropagation algorithm achieved the 0.999 of regression with 0.001 of mean square error accuracy performance. Therefore, this study shows that PFV can significantly enhance the infiltration coefficient, and the computational FFBP-ANN models can help extend the infiltration coefficient estimation for low permeable soil.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project is supported by Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through the Sub-Surface Environmental Management (SEM) Project, funded by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) (Grant 2020002480010 ).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
- Artificial neural network
- Multilayer perceptron
- Pneumatic fracturing
- Vacuum extraction