Social Capital and Willingness to Comply With Anti-Pandemic Government Intervention

Kyung Won Choi, Harris Hyun soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the relationship between individual-level social capital and compliance attitudes toward health protective measures in the context of COVID-19. We drew on secondary population-based data fielded during the pandemic’s initial phase (April – June of 2020). The analytic sample consists of 9124 older American adults (ages 55 and over) across 18 U.S. States and Metropolitan Statistical Areas. We estimated mixed-effects models with random intercepts and slopes. People who are better socially connected are more willing to comply with anti-pandemic government intervention. This relationship is stronger among those who are more psychologically distressed. Its magnitude also increases in more densely populated areas and places with higher numbers of coronavirus infection. Older Americans’ anti-coronavirus compliance attitudes is significantly driven by preexisting interpersonal connectedness and civic engagement. The role of social capital is also contingent on the existing levels of risk factor (threat and vulnerability).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-58
Number of pages16
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • COVID-19 compliance
  • interpersonal connectedness
  • social capital
  • social dilemma


Dive into the research topics of 'Social Capital and Willingness to Comply With Anti-Pandemic Government Intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this