Small reorganization energies of photoinduced electron transfer between spherical fullerenes

Yuki Kawashima, Kei Ohkubo, Shunichi Fukuzumi

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37 Scopus citations


Rate constants of photoinduced electron transfer between spherical fullerenes were determined using triscandium nitride encapsulated C80 fullerene (Sc3N@C80) as an electron donor and the triplet excited state of lithium ion-encapsulated C60 fullerene (Li +@C60) as an electron acceptor in polar and less polar solvents by laser flash photolysis measurements. Upon nanosecond laser excitation at 355 nm of a benzonitrile (PhCN) solution of Li+@C 60 and Sc3N@C80, electron transfer from Sc 3N@C80 to the triplet excited state [3(Li +@C60)*] occurred to produce Sc3N@C 80•+ and Li+@C60 •-max = 1035 nm). The rates of the photoinduced electron transfer were monitored by the decay of absorption at λmax = 750 nm due to 3(Li+@C 60)*. The second-order rate constant of electron transfer from Sc3N@C80 to 3(Li+@C 60)* was determined to be ket = 1.5 × 10 9 M-1 s-1 from dependence of decay rate constant of 3(Li+@C60)* on the Sc 3N@C80 concentration. The rate constant of back electron transfer from Li+@C60•- to Sc 3N@C80•+ was also determined to be k bet = 1.9 × 109 M-1 s-1, which is close to be the diffusion limited value in PhCN. Similarly, the rate constants of photoinduced electron transfer from C60 to 3(Li+@C60)* and from Sc 3N@C80 to 3C60* were determined together with the back electron-transfer reactions. The driving force dependence of log ket and log kbet was well fitted by using the Marcus theory of outer-sphere electron transfer, in which the internal (bond) reorganization energy (λi) was estimated by DFT calculations and the solvent reorganization energy (λs) was calculated by the Marcus equation. When PhCN was replaced by o-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB), the λ value was decreased because of the smaller solvation changes of highly spherical fullerenes upon electron transfer in a less polar solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6737-6743
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number31
StatePublished - 8 Aug 2013


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