This paper proposes a novel drive method for interior permanent magnet machines (IPMMs). In the proposed system, a two-phase IPMM is fed from a single-phase H-bridge inverter for low-cost applications. Its main winding in d -axis is connected to the inverter and the auxiliary winding in q-axis is inherently short circuited. This configuration enables the motor to operate in a wider speed range with higher energy efficiency than most other single-phase drive systems. Also, its torque capability in the high-speed range is as high as that of the three-phase IPMM drive despite the reduced power devices, drivers, and current sensors. Accordingly, the proposed system has benefits such as simple structure, low cost, high-power density, and improved efficiency. In this paper, the system is modeled with an equivalent three-phase machine. Based on the model, its torque characteristics and operating areas are analyzed and compared to those of the conventional IPMM drives. A speed control algorithm is also developed. It includes a maximum torque per ampere control to improve drive efficiency and a flux-weakening control to maximize the feasible inverter output voltage. The proposed system and control algorithm are verified by experimental results.
- Interior permanent magnet machines
- maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control
- single-phase motor drive
- square-wave modulation