Simple synthesis of modafinil derivatives and their biological activity are described. The key synthetic strategies involve substitution and coupling reactions. We determined the anti-inflammatory effects of modafinil derivatives in cultured BV2 cells by measuring the inhibition of nitrite production and expression of iNOS and COX-2 after LPS stimulation. It was found that for sulfide analogues introduction of aliphatic groups on the amide part (compounds 11a-d) resulted in lower anti-inflammatory activity compared with cyclic or aromatic moieties (compounds 11e-k). However, for the sulfoxide analogues, introduction of aliphatic moieties (compounds 12a-d) showed higher anti-inflammatory activity than cyclic or aromatic fragments (compounds 12e-k) in BV-2 microglia cells.
- Coupling reaction
- Nitric oxide