Sialylation of Integrin β1 is Involved in Radiation-Induced Adhesion and Migration in Human Colon Cancer Cells

Minyoung Lee, Hae June Lee, Woo Duck Seo, Ki Hun Park, Yun Sil Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Previously, we reported that radiation-induced ST6 Gal I gene expression was responsible for an increase of integrin β1 sialylation. In this study, we have further investigated the function of radiation-mediated integrin β1 sialylation in colon cancer cells. Methods and Materials: We performed Western blotting and lectin affinity assay to analyze the expression and level of sialylated integrin β1. After exposure to ionizing radiation (IR), adhesion and migration of cells were measured by in vitro adhesion and migration assay. Results: IR increased sialylation of integrin β1 responsible for its increased protein stability and adhesion and migration of colon cancer cells. However, for cells with an N-glycosylation site mutant of integrin β1 located on the I-like domain (Mu3), these effects were dramatically inhibited. In addition, integrin β1-mediated radioresistance was not observed in cells containing this mutant. When sialylation of integrin β1 was targeted with a sulfonamide chalcone compound, inhibition of radiation-induced sialylation of integrin β1 and inhibition of radiation-induced adhesion and migration occurred. Conclusion: The increase of integrin β1 sialylation by ST6 Gal I is critically involved in radiation-mediated adhesion and migration of colon cancer cells. From these findings, integrin β1 sialylation may be a novel target for overcoming radiation-induced survival, especially radiation-induced adhesion and migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1528-1536
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Integrin β1
  • Migration
  • Radiation
  • Sialyltransferase

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