SHP-2 binds to caveolin-1 and regulates Src activity via competitive inhibition of CSK in response to H2O2 in astrocytes

Ara Jo, Hyunju Park, Sung Hee Lee, So Hee Ahn, Hee Ja Kim, Eun Mi Park, Youn Hee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulate diverse cellular functions by triggering signal transduction events, such as Src and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Here, we report the role of caveolin-1 and Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2) in H2O 2-induced signaling pathway in brain astrocytes. H2O 2-mediated oxidative stress induced phosphorylation of caveolin-1 and association between p-caveolin-1 and SHP-2. SHP-2 specifically bound to wild-type caveolin-1 similarly to c-Src tyrosine kinase (CSK), but not to phosphorylation-deficient mutant of caveolin-1 (Y14A), and interfered with complex formation between caveolin-1 and CSK. In the presence of CSK siRNA, binding between caveolin-1 and SHP-2 was enhanced by H2O2 treatment, which led to reduced Src phosphorylation at tyrosine (Tyr) 530 and enhanced Src phosphorylation at Tyr 419. In contrast, siRNA targeting of SHP-2 facilitated H2O2-mediated interaction between caveolin-1 and CSK and enhanced Src phosphorylation at Tyr 530, leading to subsequent decrease in Src downstream signaling, such as focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK). Our results collectively indicate that SHP-2 alters Src kinase activity by interfering with the complex formation between CSK and phosphotyrosine caveolin-1 in the presence of H 2O2, thus functions as a positive regulator in Src signaling under oxidative stress in brain astrocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere91582
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2014

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