Severe injuries from low-height falls in the elderly population

Hyeji Lee, Sun Hyu Kim, Sang Cheal Lee, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Min Joung Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Chul Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Falls from low-height can cause severe injuries in the elderly population. This study was conducted to determine characteristics of injuries from low-height falls. Methods: We retrospectively review surveillance data on injured patients who presented to six emergency departments from January 2011 to December 2015. Study subjects were divided into severe group and non-severe group based on severity of injury. The general and clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups and analyzed factors related with severe injuries. Results: Of 1,190 elderly patients, severe group comprised 82 patients (7%). The severe group was 2 years younger than the non-severe group. In the severe group, 61% was men and 34% in the non-severe group. In the non-severe, the injuries more commonly occurred at residential facilities and indoors than those in the severe group. Paid work during injury occurrence was 15%, and the more patients presented with non-alert consciousness in the severe group. The most common regions of major injury were head and neck in the severe group. Conclusion: Paid work, non-alert consciousness, and major injury to head and neck are relating factors to severe injuries in the elderly population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere221
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume33
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Falls
  • Injury
  • Relating factors

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