Seoul criteria for PiB(-) subcortical vascular dementia based on clinical and MRI variables

Geon Ha Kim, Jae Hong Lee, Sang Won Seo, Byoung Seok Ye, Hanna Cho, Hee Jin Kim, Young Noh, Cindy W. Yoon, Ju Hee Chin, Seung Jun Oh, Jae Seung Kim, Yearn Seong Choe, Kyung Han Lee, Sung Tae Kim, Jee Hyang Jeong, Duk L. Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to propose new criteria for differentiating Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-negative from PiB-positive subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) using clinical and MRI variables. Methods: We measured brain amyloid deposition using PiB-PET in 77 patients with SVaD. All patients met DSM-IV criteria for vascular dementia and had severe white matter hyperintensities on MRI, defined as a cap or band ≥10 mm as well as a deep white matter lesion ≥25 mm. Eleven models were considered to differentiate PiB(-) from PiB(+) SVaD using 4 variables, including age, number of lacunes, medial temporal atrophy (MTA), and APOE ε4. The ideal cutoff values in each of the 11 models were selected using the highest Youden index. Results: A total of 49 of 77 patients (63.6%) tested negative for PiB retention, while 28 (36.4%) tested positive for PiB retention. The ideal model for differentiating PiB(-) from PiB(+) SVaD was as follows: age ≤75 years, ≥5 lacunes, and MTA ≤3, which together yielded an accuracy of 67.5%. Conclusion: When patients meet the DSM-IV criteria for vascular dementia and also have severe white matter hyperintensities, younger age, greater number of lacunes, and lesser MTA, these are predictive of a PiB(-) scan in patients with SVaD. Classification of evidence: This study provides Class II evidence that the combination of younger age, greater number of lacunes, and lesser MTA identifies patients with SVaD at lower risk of Alzheimer disease pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1535
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume82
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Seoul criteria for PiB(-) subcortical vascular dementia based on clinical and MRI variables'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this