Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27, HSPB1) induces resistance to anticancer drugs in various cancer types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, pharmacological inhibition of HSP27 in NSCLC may be a good strategy for anticancer therapy. Unlike other HSPs such as HSP90 and HSP70, small molecule approaches for neutralization of HSP27 are not well established because of the absence of an ATP binding domain. Previously, small molecules with altered cross linking activity of HSP27, were identified to inhibit building a large oligomer led to sensitization in combination with radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, a chromene compound, J2 that exhibited better cross-linking activity of HSP27 than xanthone compound, SW15 which was previously identified, was yielding sensitization to NSCLC cells with high expression of HSP27 when combined with HSP90 inhibitor and standard anticancer modalities such as taxol and cisplatin. In vivo xenograft system also showed sensitization activity of J2, as well as in vitro cell viability, cell death or apoptosis detection assay. For better druggability, several quinolone compounds, an (bio) isostere of chromone and one of well-known core in many marketed medicine, was designed and synthesized by replacement of oxygen with nitrogen in 4-pyron structure of J2. However, the cross linking activity of HSP27 disappeared by quinolone compounds and the sensitizing effects on the anticancer drugs disappeared as well, suggesting oxygene moiety of 4-pyron structure of J2 may be a pharmacophore for induction of cross linking of HSP27 and sensitization to cancer cells. In conclusion, combination of chemotherapy with small molecules that induces altered cross-linking of HSP27 may be a good strategy to overcome the resistance of anticancer drugs in HSP27-over-expressing cancer cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea, (NRF-2014M3A9A9073908, NRF-2015M2A2A7A030 44831, NRF-2017R1A2B2002327, and NRF-2017M2A2A702019560), funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT)
© Choi et al.
- Altered dimerization
- Combination therapy
- HSP27 inhibition
- HSP27 inhibitor