In this work, we developed the perovskite photodiodes based on the dimensionality-reduced quasi two-dimensional (Q-2D) photoactive layer structure by incorporating phenylethylammonium iodide (PEAI) into methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI 3 ), which effectively enhanced both the crystalline phase and the ambient stability of the perovskite. The Q-2D perovskite photodiode exhibited a dark current of 1.76 × 10 −7 A/cm 2 , resulting in the detectivity (D*) of 2.20 × 10 12 J and responsivity of 0.53 A/W, which is among the highest performance levels without the voltage bias (0 V) due to the systematically optimized perovskite phase resulting in the reduced leakage current. In addition, the current density of Q-2D perovskite photodiode maintained 76% of the initial level current density even after 80 days in the ambient condition, compared to 15% of 3D perovskite photodiode control sample. Such superior performance and stability were mainly attributed to the enhanced degree of crystallization of the Q-2D perovskites, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) measurement. Also, the improved stability of Q-2D perovskite films was confirmed by both lifetime test and atomic force microscopy studies where the negligible number of pinholes was observed in the quasi-2D perovskite films while considerable deformations were found in the 3D perovskites photodiode. Our study suggests a simple and robust protocol for the development of stable and high-performance perovskite photodetectors via dimensional and constitutional optimization of conventional perovskites for the practical usage of perovskite in the photodiode applications.
- Crystalline phase control
- High detectivity
- Low dark current
- Perovskite photodiodes
- Reduced-dimensionality perovskites