Self-determination Theory (SDT) is a motivational theory of personality, development, and social processes that examines how social contexts and individual differences facilitate different types of motivation, especially autonomous motivation and controlled motivation, and in turn predict learning, performance, experience, and psychological health. SDT proposes that all human beings have three basic psychological needs - the needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness - the satisfaction of which are essential nutrients for effective functioning and wellness. Satisfaction of these basic needs promotes the optimal motivational traits and states of autonomous motivation and intrinsic aspirations, which facilitate psychological health and effective engagement with the world.
|Title of host publication||International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 26 Mar 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Autonomous motivation
- Autonomy support
- Basic psychological needs
- Controlled motivation
- Extrinsic aspirations
- Extrinsic motivation
- Intrinsic aspirations
- Intrinsic motivation
- Need support