Objectives: Little is known about the school adjustment of adolescents with sequential bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) in mainstream educational settings. This study aims to investigate the school adjustment of adolescents with sequential bilateral CIs, in comparison to those of age-matched adolescents with typical hearing (TH), to explore the relationships between individual variables and school adjustment in the bilateral CI group, and to assess the factors leading to strong school adjustment in the bilateral CI group. Methods: Twenty-five adolescents with sequential bilateral CIs and 30 adolescents with TH, aged 13–19 years, participated in this study. The adolescents completed the school adjustment scale (SAS). Results: The two groups were not significantly different on overall SAS scores. However, the TH group scored higher on the SAS than the sequential bilateral CI group with regard to communication skills and relationships with peers. In the bilateral CI group, SAS scores significantly correlated with open-set sentence and receptive vocabulary scores. Receptive vocabulary scores were a significant predictive factor for the level of school adjustment for the bilateral CI group. Conclusion: Adolescents who received sequential bilateral CIs adapted well to mainstream schools. However, they did experience barriers to communication and to make friends in mainstream schools, and their level of school adjustment was affected by their receptive vocabulary skills.
|International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
|Published - Dec 2022
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© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
- Mainstream school
- School adjustment
- Sequential bilateral cochlear implants